Inspiring Innovation with lntegrity
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29 Sep 2020

SUMMER COURSE

The role of youth in the forest and environment management to achieve sustainable development goal

INTRODUCTION

  1. Background

Tropical forests are an essential natural resource that provide enormous tangible products (timber, fruit, resin, sap, etc.) and intangible products (biodiversity, climate regulation, CO2 pool, O2 producer, hydrology regulation, ecotourism, gene bank, etc.) which need to be managed wisely and appropriately so that the benefits can be utilized optimally for the stakeholders. However, the forest management system has historically tended to focus on timber utilization that unable to maintain the forest, especially for the natural forests as indicated by the decreasing number of natural forest concessions, low of natural forest timber production for the domestic industry, and increasing rates of deforestation and degradation. The excessive deforestation and degradation of Indonesian forests have resulted in increased CO2 emission and climate change, as well as the loss of biodiversity. Therefore, sustainable forest management should be carried out to reduce the impact of deforestation and forest degradation by considering social, economic, and forest ecosystem functions. Recently, forest management paradigm is changing from forest management with the aim of producing timber to forest management with the aim of preserving ecosystem services and forest ecosystem functions in achieving sustainable development.Read More